It is pretty safe to say that most people don’t like wearing face masks and equally safe to say that, for some, masks are a contentious issue. But the numbers don’t lie: Mask mandates, laws that require people to wear a mask, reduce the spread of COVID-19.
A Canadian study offers the latest data on the value of making wearing a face mask in public mandatory.
The study, by researchers at Simon Fraser University, found that not only did mask mandates reduce transmission, they resulted in more people wearing them. Thirty percent more citizens reported using a mask after the requirements were put in place.
Regulations regarding wearing masks have been challenged as violations of personal freedom.
Thirty-four community health groups in Ontario, Canada's most populous province, provided data for the study. The groups, known as public health units, are part of Canada’s universal, publicly-funded health system. When researchers compared the spread of COVID-19 in those groups that adopted mask mandates early on with those that adopted them later, they found that community health units in areas where masks were required had a 25 to 31 percent reduction in newly-diagnosed COVID-19 cases relative to the trend before mandates were put in place.
The effect was similar nationwide. Looking at the impact requiring masks had across Canada, researchers found that as mask-wearing went up, COVID-19 case growth went down. There was a 46 percent average reduction in weekly cases in the first weeks after mask mandates were adopted.
The reduction in new cases was even greater in areas that also placed restrictions on businesses. Those areas with the most stringent rules governing retail businesses, restaurants, bars and social gatherings saw a weekly drop in new cases of 48 to 57 percent relative to the trend in areas that had no restrictions.
There are several areas of concern outlined in the study. Reopening schools and relaxed restrictions on businesses and gatherings spiked a rise in COVID-19 cases. These increases might serve to offset or obscure the health benefits of mask mandates. Health authorities, including the World Health Organization, have offered inconsistent or contradictory recommendations about face masks’ ability to reduce the spread of COVID-19, making people less likely to wear them. Finally, regulations regarding wearing masks have been challenged as violations of personal freedom.
The study is published in MedRxiv. Because the study has not yet been peer-reviewed, its results should be viewed as preliminary.