Those hoping to get a better night's sleep might want to meditate before they medicate, especially if they are worried about the cognitive problems that can accompany aging.
Scientists have documented that meditation provides many cognitive and emotional benefits, and now a new study shows that for older people with sleep problems, mindfulness training could help them sleep better, thereby reducing the next-day fatigue and mood disturbances that can come from lost sleep.
Sleep problems affect about half of the population over the age of 55. The fallout from sleep deprivation can be serious: Fatigue, lack of concentration, depression, and reduced quality of life all are symptoms of chronic sleep debt.
Sleep loss has also been linked to physical health problems like diabetes, heart disease, and even early mortality.
For older people with sleep problems, mindfulness training could help them sleep better and reduce the next-day fatigue and mood problems that can come from lost sleep.
The new study set out to determine whether mindfulness training might help people with sleep problems sleep better. The researchers had 50 people (average age 66) take either a mindfulness training course or a program in sleep hygiene, which teaches people about bedtime routines and abstaining from stimulants like electronics and caffeine in the latter part of the day.
Both groups improved their sleep quality, but the people exposed to mindfulness training did even better. They had less insomnia, depression, and fatigue compared to the sleep hygiene group. Interestingly, both groups showed almost the same level of improvement in stress, anxiety, and inflammation, suggesting that each intervention is helpful for those measures.
Since mindfulness courses are increasingly available in many areas of the country, signing up for one could be relatively easy, and a very good idea for people who are suffering from sleep problems, the authors believe. And given the links between sleep deprivation and mortality as one ages, it’s all the more important to treat sleep problems now rather than later.
The study was carried out by a team at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.