KIDS
April 10, 2019

A Picture Book is Worth a Million Words

Reading to kids exposes them to thousands, even millions, more words than kids whose parents don't do story time.

If you want to give your kids a leg up in school, read to them. Not only will you give them a head start, it's an experience that they will never forget.

Jessica Logan studies how children learn. In her early research, she found that about a quarter of the children she was studying were never read to and another quarter were read to just once or twice a week.

In addition to expanding vocabulary, reading can introduce kids to sights and faraway places — from the penguins of Antarctica to the kangaroos of Australia and the pyramids of Egypt.

“The fact that we had so many parents who said they never or seldom read to their kids was pretty shocking to us. We wanted to figure out what that might mean for their kids,” Logan said in a statement.

She looked at how many words the children who were never read to never heard by the time they reached kindergarten. It comes out to a big word gap — the team estimated that parents who read one picture book with their children every day exposed their children to about 78,000 words each year. That translates to 400,000 words over the five years before starting kindergarten. The researchers projected that children from literacy-rich homes where parents and children read two or three books together a day would be exposed to as many as 1.2 million more words than children who rarely or never had story time.

“Kids who hear more vocabulary words are going to be better prepared to see those words in print when they enter school,” says Logan, an assistant professor at Ohio State University. “They are likely to pick up reading skills more quickly and easily.”

More than words and information are exchanged when parents talk about what's happening in the book they're reading and answer their children's questions, and there's more than just numbers involved. The words in books are often more complex than the ones children hear in everyday life at home. And reading can introduce them to new sights and faraway places, such as the penguins of Antarctica, the kangaroos of Australia and the pyramids of Egypt.

Kids get a lot more than information when you read to them. Reading also stimulates their imagination and sense of wonder. Anything is possible. Why shouldn't pigs have wings? Or the world be filled with wizards wearing colorful robes? The only limit is how far the imagination can fly. Parents often forget just how much wonder and excitement even the everyday world holds for a young child, and that's why story time is good for parents, too. It is also something fathers can do as well or even better than mothers.

Don't let the cost of books stop you; you can always borrow books from the local library.

An article on the word gap appears in the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.
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